Publications of the World Competitiveness Center

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The IMD World Competitiveness Yearbook (WCY) is the leading annual report on the competitiveness of countries and has been published by IMD since 1989. It benchmarks the performance of 64 economies based on more than 330 criteria measuring different facets of competitiveness. There are three main sections in the World Competitiveness Yearbook: 

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The IMD World Competitiveness Online is a unique and comprehensive database on the competitiveness of nations. It includes time series from the IMD World Competitiveness Yearbook, the leading annual report published by IMD since 1989, including the IMD World Talent ranking since 2014 and the IMD World Digital Competitiveness Ranking since 2017.

Statistics are updated as soon as new information becomes available. This is ideal if you wish to work with the data. 

Software based on the latest technology provides a powerful and unique user experience.

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For each country, we provide competitiveness trends, country evolution, strengths and weaknesses as well as all statistical data, including more than 330 criteria (values).

20 pages in PDF format.

View a snapshot of the basic facts and competitiveness landscape for each country and download a sample profile in the free version of IMD World Competitiveness Online (10 pages on Competitiveness, Digital and Talent rankings)


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Data are broken down according to four main factors:

  • Economic performance (81 criteria): Macro-economic evaluation of the domestic economy, employment trends and prices.
  • Government efficiency (72 criteria): Extent to which government policies are conducive to competitiveness
  • Business efficiency (74 criteria): Extent to which the national environment encourages enterprises to perform in an innovative, profitable and responsible manner
  • Infrastructure (107 criteria): Extent to which basic, technological, scientific and human resources meet the needs of business
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